Phonics & Early Reading


At Seymour Park we use Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised to teach phonics and early reading. This programme has a systematic progression which begins in Reception and continues until the end of Year 1. Some children will need to continue this into Year 2 and beyond in order to become fluent and confident readers.  An overview of the five phases is shown below. There is also a more detailed termly overview.

More information and helpful guides for parents can be found on the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised website. Here is the link;






Here is a video explaining the changes to the way we teach phonics and early reading at Seymour Park.



Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Year 2 

Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.